Saturday, February 15, 2020

Master Index

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Cross Country Planning / Flights

General Checklist
  • Draft an overview
    • Is it feasible?
    • Check big picture weather
    • Charts, chart supplements, plotter, whiz wheel (flight computer), NAVLOG, flight plan template
    • Start with a straight line and consider terrain, obstacles, airspace, special use airspace, NAVAIDs and options for a divert
    • Checkpoints (for visual recognition, timing and fuel computations) 
  • Develop the route
  • Obtain a weather brief
  • Make NAVLOG (there are dozens, but here is one version)
  • File flight plan (?)
  • Perform self-assessment and airplane pre-flight
  • Other
    • Map management (if using paper maps)

Instruments | Approaches

Instruments, in general
Instrument Approaches
  • Approach Title:
    • If the procedure ends in "A, B, C..." there are multiple circling approaches
    • If the procedure ends in "Z, Y, X..." there are multiple ST-IN approaches
  • Chart review at
  • ILS
    • If your right wing is on the shaded part of the feather, then steering is "right" (correct). If it's your left wing, steering is "wrong" or back course.
  • LP approach
  • RNAV (GPS) Approaches:
    • Great explanations by:  FAA and boldmethod
    • Remember, even with vertical guidance, and while using a DA (decision altitude), these are NOT considered precision approaches.  They are APVs (APproaches with Vertical guidance).  If you remember "guidance" and "glideslope", it will help separate these from precision approaches.
    • LNAV - Lateral Navigation (uses an MDA)
    • LNAV/VNAV - Lateral Navigation/Vertical Navigation (uses a DA)
    • LP - Localizer Performance w/o Vertical Guidance (uses an MDA)
    • LPV - Localizer Performance w/ Vertical Guidance (uses a DA)
    • RNP, written "RNAV (RNP)", see below
  • RNP approach (FAA page)
    • When you see RNP in the approach label, it can be interpreted as 'authorization required' because in reality, any RNAV has some RNP.
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Friday, February 14, 2020

Constant Speed Props & Manifold Pressure

  • First and foremost - always follow your POH
  • Manifold Pressure
  • Sayings / Expressions / Memory aids:
    • Always keep Prop above Throttle (unless POH allows differently)
    • Blue Sky / Black Earth
      • This is to say when you add power, you increase propeller first, throttle next
    • Push Power Away (throttle, prop, mixture) - if knobs are configured this way
    • Pull Power In (mixture, prop, throttle) - if knobs are configured this way
    • Throttle Back, Power Up
      • Reduce the throttle first, Push the Power (Prop) up first


In General
  • Automation
    • Don't delegate PIC responsibilities to a computer - ever!
    • Expect to have a good working knowledge of any automation in the aircraft you plan to use.  If it has a 430W, you should be able to do more with it than changing a radio or nav frequency.  Don't worry, this can be to your advantage if the examiner isn't that familiar with the equipment.
  • Checkride Bombs to Avoid (Shawn Hardin)
  • Oral
    • Opening questions will likely follow ACS flow...Pilot qualifications, Medicals, Privileges, Currency, Airworthiness Requirements, Weather, Cross Country, etc.
  • Landings
    • Adverse yaw (turning without the rudder on final leads to a rocking, unstable approach)
    • Airspeed control on final
    • Don't hesitate to go around on a crappy approach (but DO NOT make it overly conservative - you have to land eventually)
  • Navigation
    • Can you dead reckon?

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Saturday, January 11, 2020

Resources - Video

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Friday, January 10, 2020

Tutorials | Manuals | Simulators

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    Newest Additions

    20200219:   When Thermals Turn Turbulent  ( Pilots Tip of the Week ) - FIG -